Sermon Series: Five Words You Must Understand
1 Corinthians 14:19
Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding,
that by my voice I might teach others also,
than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue.
Part Seventeen: Isaiah 53:10
“He shall see His seed.”
On the old Daniels and Webster program on ROCK107 we often heard from one Walter Nepasky. He would begin his commentary with either, “I'm Walter Nepasky and today I wanna talk about three things.”, or “Hi. My name is Walter Nepasky. How you doin? Today I want to talk to you about tree tings.”
What if we had a modern Christian radio station (“The Rock of Ages 316”) with a program that began, “Hi, I’m Paul of Tarsus, and today I want to talk about five words.”
1 Corinthians 14:19 - Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding,
that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue.
Here Paul follows up his extreme personal example with an extreme preference framed as a mathematical proportion: 5 versus 10,000. This is Paul’s “druthers”! This is when 5 is better than 10,000!
If Paul were here, and you could pin him down to a literal selection of five words, what do you think he would choose? “Gimme Five Paul!”
Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
Here are “Five Words” that you need to understand! “He shall see his seed”.
I. The Security of the Seed
II. The Certainty of the Seed
III. The Identity of the Seed
Have you noticed that the entire verse that it sets in is a descending and then ascending chiasm or parallelism with six parts divided into two triplets?
[A] Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him;
[B] he hath put him to grief:
[C] when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin,
[C’] he shall see his seed,
[B’] he shall prolong his days,
[A’] and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
I. The Security of the Seed
The securing of the see is explicitly grounded in the preceding three clauses in this verse.
Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin,
“Thus it may be seen that the results described occur only because the servant himself brings an expiatory sacrifice. The first of these results is that he will see a seed, i.e. his own seed, those whom he by his vicarious suffering and expiatory sacrifice has redeemed from the guilt and the power of their sins, a great multitude that no man can number. These are the ones for whom he offers his soul as an oblation, the many nations that he sprinkles, the many (v. 11) whom he justifies, whose sins he bears (v. 5), who are assigned to him and for whom he makes intercession. The term seed is obviously used in a spiritual sense, such as sons of God in Genesis 6:2; Proverbs 4:20; 19:27 and Ecclesiastes 12:12. Note also Matthew 9:2; John 13:33; 1 Corinthians 4:17; 1 Timothy 1:2; 1 Peter 5:13.” 
Jn 12:24 - Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.
Jn. 17:4-5, 18-19 - 4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do. 5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was….18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth.
Heb. 2:10 - For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
Heb. 12:2 - Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
1 Jn. 4:9 - In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.
II. The Certainty of the Seed
This is the central affirmation of these five words!
“In the 53d chapter of the same prophecy, the Lord is more express and punctual in these promises to his Son, assuring him that when he “made his soul an offering for sin, he should see his seed, and prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord should prosper in his 171 hand; that he should see of the travail of his soul, and be satisfied; by his knowledge he should justify many; that, he should divide a portion with the great, and the spoil with the strong,” verses 10–12. He was, you see, to see his seed by covenant, and to raise up a spiritual seed unto God, a faithful people, to be prolonged and preserved throughout all generations….”
1. Consider the end of the prophecy of Isaiah!
Is. 66:22 - For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, saith the LORD, so shall your seed and your name remain.
2. Consider the prophetic content of the Messianic Psalms!
Ps. 22:30-31 - 30 A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation.
31 They shall come, and shall declare his righteousness unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this.
Ps. 45:16-17 - 16 Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth. 17 I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.
Ps. 89:4, 29, 36 - 4 Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.
29 His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.
36 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.
Ps. 110:3 - Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
Even Psalms not properly or usually considered Messianic have relevance for what Christ had in view in enduring His humiliation for His people!
Ps. 128:6 - Yea, thou shalt see thy children's children, and peace upon Israel.
III. The Identity of the Seed
1. The Seed of Adam - Gen. 3:15 - And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
2. The Seed of Abraham - Gen. 15:5 - And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.
3. The Seed of David’s Greater Son - Ps. 89:4, 29, 36 -
4 Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.
29 His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.
36 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.
4. The Seed of Israel -
Is 54:3 - For thou shalt break forth on the right hand and on the left; and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and make the desolate cities to be inhabited.
Is. 59:20-21 - 20 And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD. 21 As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.
Is. 61:9 - And their seed shall be known among the Gentiles, and their offspring among the people: all that see them shall acknowledge them, that they are the seed which the LORD hath blessed.
Lk. 1:54-55 (end of Mary’s Magnificat) - 54 He hath holpen his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy; 55 As he spake to our fathers, to Abraham, and to his seed for ever.
5. The Seed of the Word, of Christ and of the Kingdom
The Parable of the Sower - Mt. 13:1-23 - 18 Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower.
19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side. 20 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it; 21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended. 22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful. 23 But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
The Parable of the Tares of the Field - Mt. 13:24-30, 36-43 - 36 Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field. 37 He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; 38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; 39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. 40 As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. 41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; 42 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
6. The United Seed of God - Jn. 17:17-21 - 17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. 18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth. 20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; 21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.
7. The True Seed of Abraham -
Rom. 4:13-18 - 13 For the promise, that he should be the heir of the world, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For if they which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise made of none effect: 15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression. 16 Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham; who is the father of us all, 17 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were. 18 Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations; according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be.
Gal. 3:16-19 - 16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. 17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. 18 For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise. 19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.
8. The Seed of Christ - Heb. 2:13 - And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.
“He shall see his seed. Isaiah means that the death of Christ not only can be no hinderance to his having a seed, but will be the cause of his having offspring; that is, because, by quickening the dead, he will procure a people for himself, whom he will afterwards multiply more and more; and there is no absurdity in giving the appellation of Christ’s seed to all believers, who are also brethren, because they are descended from Christ.” 
“(1.) That the Redeemer shall have a seed to serve him and to bear up his name, Ps. 22:30. True believers are the seed of Christ; the Father gave them to him to be so, Jn. 17:6. He died to purchase and purify them to himself, fell to the ground as a corn of wheat, that he might bring forth much fruit, Jn. 12:24. The word, that incorruptible seed, of which they are born again, is his word; the Spirit, the great author of their regeneration, is his Spirit; and it is his image that is impressed upon them.
(2.) That he shall live to see his seed. Christ’s children have a living Father, and because he lives they shall live also, for he is their life. Though he died, he rose again, and left not his children orphans, but took effectual care to secure to them the spirit, the blessing, and the inheritance of sons. He shall see a great increase of them; the word is plural, He shall see his seeds, multitudes of them, so many that they cannot be numbered.” 
Here are “Five Words” that you need to understand! He shall see His seed
Is. 49:6-12 - 6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth. 7 Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee. 8 Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages; 9 That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that are in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be in all high places. 10 They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them. 11 And I will make all my mountains a way, and my highways shall be exalted. 12 Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west; and these from the land of Sinim.
[Sermon preached 27 APR 2014 by Pastor John T. “Jack” Jeffery at Wayside Gospel Chapel, Greentown, PA.]
Willis J. Beecher, "The Servant", in The Prophets and the Promise: Being For Substance the Lectures for 1902-1903 on the L. P. Stone Foundation in the Princeton Theological Seminary (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1969 reprint of 1905 original by Thomas Y. Crowell & Company Publishers, New York; reprinted in 2002 by Wipf & Stock, Eugene, OR), pp. 263-288; available as a free download on Google Books at http://books.google.com/books?id=axsWAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false [accessed 8 APR 2014]; reprinted in Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., ed., Classical Evangelical Essays in Old Testament Interpretation (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1972; Portland, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2008), pp. 187-206, s.v. Ch. XII: "Messianic Terms. The Servant".
Harry Bultema, Commentary on Isaiah, trans. Cornelius Lambregtse (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 1981; from Dutch orig., Practische Commentaar op Jesaja; Muskegon: Bereer Publishing Co., 1923).
John Calvin, Isaiah, in Calvin’s Commentaries, electronic ed. (Albany, OR: Ages Software, 1998).
Matthew Henry, Matthew Henry’s commentary on the whole Bible: Complete and unabridged in one volume (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1994).
F. Duane Lindsey, "Isaiah's Songs of the Servant" (series of five articles), in Bibliotheca Sacra 139:553 (JAN-MAR 1982), pp. 12-27; 139:554 (APR-JUN 1982), pp. 129-143; 139:555 (JUL-SEP 1982), pp. 216-227; 139:556 (OCT-DEC 1982), pp. 312-325; and 140:557 (JAN-MAR 1983), pp. 21-36.
F. Duane Lindsey, The Servant Songs: A Study in Isaiah (Chicago: Moody Press, 1985).
Allan A. MacRae, Studies in Isaiah, ed. Stephen E. Michaels (Hatfield, PA: Interdisciplinary Biblical Research Institute, 1995).
John Owen, “Salus Electorum, Sanguis Jesu; or, The Death of Death in the Death of Christ; A Treatise of the Redemption and Reconciliation that is in the Blood of Christ; with the Merit Thereof, and the Satisfaction Wrought Thereby: Wherein The Proper End of the Death of Christ is Asserted; the Immediate Effects and Fruits Thereof Assigned, with Their Extent in Respect of Its Object; and the Whole Controversy About Universal Redemption Fully Discussed”, in The Works of John Owen, 16 vols., ed. William H. Goold (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1976 reprint from Johnstone & Hunter ed. 1850-1853; original 1647); on Christian Classics Ethereal Library at http://www.ccel.org/ccel/owen/deathofdeath [accessed 24 APR 2014].
W. E. Vine, Isaiah: Prophecies, Promises, Warnings (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1971).
C. von Orelli, The Prophecies of Isaiah, trans. J. S. Banks, in Clark's Foreign Theological Library, New Series, Vol. XXXVIII (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1889); available online and as a downloadable PDF on the Hathi Trust Digital Library at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=wu.89094598943;view=1up;seq=5 [accessed 8 APR 2014].
E. J. Young, The Book of Isaiah: The English Text, with Introduction, Exposition, and Notes, 3 vols., in The New International Commentary on the Old Testament, series ed. R. K. Harrison (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1965, 1969, 1972).
Here are “Five Words” that you need to understand! 
The Person of Christ – The Redeemer:
“Before Abraham was I am.” (Jn. 8:58) 
“I am Alpha and Omega.” (Rev. 1:8; 21:6; 22:13) 
“I am the Good Shepherd.” (Jn. 10:11) 
“I am the True Vine.” (Jn. 15:1) 
“He is Lord of all.” (Ac. 10:36) [“Jesus Christ is the Lord.”] 
“This is My Beloved Son.” (Mt. 3:17; 17:5) 
“Behold the Lamb of God.” (Jn. 1:29, 36) 
The Work of Christ (as Prophet, Priest and King) – Redemption Accomplished:
“He called His Name Jesus.” (Mt. 1:25)
“He shall bear their iniquities.” (Is. 53:11) 
“Christ died for our sins.” (1 Cor. 15:3) 
“And that He was buried” (1 Cor. 15:4) 
“He shall prolong His days.” (Is. 53:10) 
“He rose from the dead.” (1 Cor. 15:12) 
“I have overcome the world.” (Jn. 16:33) 
“Sanctify them through the truth.” (Jn. 17:17) 
“He shall see His seed.” (Is. 53:10)
The Salvation of Christ – Redemption Applied:
“He shall save His people.” (Mt. 1:21)
“Ye have not chosen Me.” (Jn. 15:16)
“Peace I leave with you.” (Jn. 14:27)
“By grace ye are saved.” (Eph. 2:5)
“Ye must be born again.” (Jn. 3:7)
“We have peace with God.” (Rom. 5:1)
“My sheep hear My voice.” (Jn. 10:27)
“Continue ye in My love.” (Jn. 15:9)
“I am crucified with Christ.” (Gal. 2:20)
“Buried with Him in baptism” (Rom. 6:4; Col. 2:12)
“Ye are risen with Him” (Col. 2:12)
“Get thee behind me, Satan” (Mt. 16:23; Mk. 8:33; Lk. 4:8) 
The Return of Christ – Redemption Revealed:
“We look for the Savior.” (Phil. 3:20) [“Jesus Christ is coming again.”] 
“Blessed is he that readeth.” (Rev. 1:3) 
“The time is at hand.” (Rev. 1:3; 22:10) 
“Behold, He cometh with clouds.” (Rev. 1:7) 
“I make all things new.” (Rev. 21:5) [“God wins in the end!”] 
“Even so, come, Lord Jesus.” (Rev. 22:20) 
As of: 23 APR 2014
Red = preached
Green = Incarnation
Blue = Resurrection
Purple = Revelation
Green/Blue/Purple and footnoted = preached
Review of the first 20 messages:
All 7 texts on "The Person of Christ - the Redeemer", including:
1) four statements Christ makes about Himself,
2) one Apostolic testimony to His Lordship,
3) one testimony of God the Father to His Sonship, and
4) one testimony of John the Baptist to Him as the Lamb of God
Part One: John 8:58 - Before Abraham was, I am.
Part Two: Revelation 1:8 - I am Alpha and Omega
Part Three: John 10:11 - I am the Good Shepherd
Part Four: John 15:1 - I am the true vine
Part Five: Acts 10:36 - He is Lord of all
Part Six: Matthew 3:17; 17:5 - This is My Beloved Son
Part Eleven: John 1:29, 36 – Behold, the Lamb of God
6 of the 9 texts on "The Work of Christ (as Prophet, Priest and King) – Redemption Accomplished" including:
1) Christ’s substitutionary death on the Cross
2) Christ’s burial
3) Christ’s resurrection
4) Christ's intercession
Part Seven: 1 Corinthians 15:3 - Christ died for our sins
Part Eight: 1 Corinthians 15:4 - And that He was buried
Part Ten: 1 Cor. 15:12 - He rose from the dead.
Part Twelve: John 17:17 - Sanctify them through the truth
Part Thirteen: John 16:33 - I have overcome the world
Part Fifteen: Isaiah 53:11 - He shall bear their iniquities
1 of the 12 texts on "The Salvation of Christ – Redemption Applied"
Part Nine: Mt. 16:23; Mk. 8:33; Lk. 4:8 - Get thee behind me, Satan
All 6 texts on "The Return of Christ – Redemption Revealed" including:
Part Fourteen: Philippians 3:20 - we look for the Saviour
5 messsages in the series on the Revelation:
Revelation 1:3 - Blessed is he that readeth
Revelation 1:3; 22:10 - The time is at hand
Revelation 1:7 - Behold, He cometh with clouds
Revelation 21:5 - I make all things new (“God wins in the end!”)
Revelation 22:20 - Even so, come, Lord Jesus
 E. J. Young, The Book of Isaiah: The English Text, with Introduction, Exposition, and Notes, 3 vols., in The New International Commentary on the Old Testament, series ed. R. K. Harrison (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1965, 1969, 1972), 3:355.
 John Owen, “Salus Electorum, Sanguis Jesu; or, The Death of Death in the Death of Christ; A Treatise of the Redemption and Reconciliation that is in the Blood of Christ; with the Merit Thereof, and the Satisfaction Wrought Thereby: Wherein The Proper End of the Death of Christ is Asserted; the Immediate Effects and Fruits Thereof Assigned, with Their Extent in Respect of Its Object; and the Whole Controversy About Universal Redemption Fully Discussed”, in The Works of John Owen, 16 vols., ed. William H. Goold (Carlisle, PA: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1976 reprint from Johnstone & Hunter ed. 1850-1853; original 1647), X:169-171, s.v. Book I, Chapter III; on Christian Classics Ethereal Library at http://www.ccel.org/ccel/owen/deathofdeath.i.vii.iii.html [accessed 24 APR 2014].
 John Calvin, Isaiah, in Calvin’s Commentaries, electronic ed. (Albany, OR: Ages Software, 1998), s.v. Isaiah 53:10.
 Matthew Henry, Matthew Henry’s commentary on the whole Bible: Complete and unabridged in one volume (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1994), pg. 1184.
 Note: the pages numbers from the articles as posted to Galaxie Software's Theological Journal Library do not correspond to those listed by the author himself in his footnotes.
 The five word statements from Scripture that follow may not be five word statements in the either the Hebrew or Greek originals, nor are they necessarily complete sentences or verses in the English language translations from the Hebrew and Greek, including the King James Version, from which these statements are drawn. Nevertheless, they were selected for the fundamental truths and span of doctrine that they present. This list of 34 examples is not intended to be comprehensive, and may easily be expanded or consolidated.
 Part 1, 20 MAR 2011.
 Part 2, 27 MAR 2011.
 Part 3, 3 APR 2011.
 Part 4, 19 JUN 2011.
 Part 5, 26 JUN 2011.
 Part 6, 17 JUL 2011.
 Part 11, 15 APR 2012.
 Part 15, 6 APR 2014.
 Part 7, 21 AUG 2011.
 Part 8, 28 AUG 2011.
 Part 16, 20 APR 2014.
 Part 10, 8 APR 2012.
 Part 13, 13 MAY 2012.
 Part 12, 22 APR 2012.
 Part 9, 18 MAR 2012.
 Part 14, 21 APR 2013.
 20 MAY 2012, Revelation Sermon Series, Part 1.
 Ibid.; also 10 MAR 2013, Revelation Sermon Series, Part 39, and 17 MAR 2013, Revelation Sermon Series, Part 40.
 27 MAY 2012, Revelation Sermon Series, Part 2.
 20 JAN 2013, Revelation Sermon Series, Part 33, and 27 JAN 2013, Revelation Sermon Series, Part 34.
 14 APR 2013, Revelation Sermon Series, Part 43.